The human body requires numerous nutrients to persist healthily. Potassium is one such vital mineral that the body requires badly. Though, there is such a thing as having too much potassium in the body, which can be detrimental. Hyperkalemia is a term used to define high levels of potassium in the human’s blood. If ignored and untreated, hyperkalemia can be risky to your health. In the last two years, the world has been fighting strongly with the COVID-19 pandemic, and high potassium levels have been found to be common in patients hospitalised with the new coronavirus contagion. Here in this post, we will clarify everything about if COVID-19 can trigger hyperkalemia.
COVID-19 and Hyperkalemia
High potassium levels, a disorder known as hyperkalemia, have been found to be common in patients who are getting hospitalized with COVID-19. It has been found that COVID-19 can affect the kidneys, thus causing hyperkalemia. People with heart failure, kidney disease, and diabetes have been found to be at a more risk of emerging hyperkalemia.
Usually, the body uses the potassium it requires and then filters out and eradicates the extra amount of potassium from the kidneys. The kidneys flush out any extra potassium over urine. But if you have kidney disease, diabetes, or heart disease, the body is incapable to do an appropriate job of cleaning out the additional potassium in the bloodstream. People with such health conditions like kidney disease, diabetes, or heart disease are also at a higher risk of developing a severe ailment from diminishing the novel coronavirus.
Can COVID-19 Cause Hyperkalemia?
Having a COVID-19 contagion can leads towards risky health problems with your kidney, which can lead to hyperkalemia. The new coronavirus badly affects the kidneys, which causes reduced kidney function. This is supposed to be one of the reasons of hyperkalemia in people with COVID-19. Additional cause could be the unexpected upsurge in hormones and seditious immune cells that the fresh coronavirus infection causes.
People with previous kidney disease and those who grow kidney problems due to the COVID-19 infection are both at an amplified risk of emerging hyperkalemia.
As per the research by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the risk of emerging severe sickness from COVID-19 is remarkably high in people who have any stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Research also displays that acute kidney injury (AKI) can badly affect almost 40 percent of people who get hospitalised with COVID.
A study carried out in New York City throughout the start of the coronavirus pandemic discovered that out of COVID-19 patients, the one who had severe kidney injury, almost half of them passed away. Additional discoveries have also specified that the death rate among those who need dialysis was almost as high as 79 percent.
Having Hyperkalemia Can Make COVID-19 Riskier
High potassium levels are usually found in people who get hospitalized with COVID-19. Having hyperkalemia upsurges the danger of dying from COVID-19. According to research in China its found that fifty percent of the patients with COVID-19 who had high blood potassium levels of 5 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) passed away. This was associated to 14 to 20 percent of patients who had lesser potassium levels. The normal blood levels of potassium should fall within a range of around 3.5 to 5 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Nevertheless, numerous medical laboratories use a little bit varying level.
Conclusion: How to Protect Yourself from Hyperkalemia?
The only thing you have to do a simple blood test. A blood test can easily tell you your potassium levels. If you have certain risk aspects for hyperkalemia, together with kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease, or diabetes, it is better to get your potassium levels tested from time to time.
If you are diagnosed with hyperkalemia, make sure to discuss to your doctor how to regulate your diet to a short potassium one, take medicines to lessen your potassium levels, and live an overall healthy lifestyle.
Lower potassium levels can aid lessen your risk of developing some thoughtful illness if you contract COVID-19. Research has also shown that quickly addressing high potassium levels in people who are hospitalized with COVID-19 can definitely help to lower the risk of death.
The combination of hyperkalemia and COVID-19 can lead to undesirable and risky health consequences. This is why receiving a simple blood test to aid diagnose high potassium levels and beginning treatment initially can benefit your health and reduce the risk factor of Hyperkalemia.
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