prostate cancer

Everything You Want to Know About Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a fatal disease that affects huge numbers of men every year who are specialists in their mid-age or older. According to a medical report, around 60% of men affected by prostate cancer are older than the age 65.  The American Cancer Society (ACS)Trusted Source approximations that 174,650 American men will be recently identified with this condition.

The prostate is normally a small gland that is found at the lower abdomen of men. The prostate is usually located under the bladder and surrounding the urethra. The prostate is controlled by the hormone testosterone and produces seminal fluid, which is known as semen. Semen is the material comprising sperm that leavings the urethra during ejaculation.

When an atypical, malevolent growth of cells which is also known as tumor forms in the prostate, it’s entitled prostate cancer. This cancer can spread to other areas of the body. In these cases, because the cancer is made of cells from the prostate, it’s still called prostate cancer.

Conferring to the Urology Care Foundation, prostate cancer is the second most detected cancer deaths for men in the United States.

Types of prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is a typical type of cancer which is also known as adenocarcinoma. This is a kind of cancer which grows in the tissue of a gland, such as the prostate gland.

The category of prostate cancer usually depends on how it grows. Normally the prostate cancer grows in two ways like

  • aggressive, or fast growing
  • nonaggressive, or slow growing

When it comes to nonaggressive prostate cancer, the tumor either doesn’t grow or grows very less over time on the other hand with aggressive prostate cancer, the tumor can easily grow quickly and a high possibility to spread on  other  body areas, such as the bones.

Prostate cancer age

As we already mentioned above, age is a main and most risky factor which can cause prostate cancer. This fatal disease usually happens in men older than 65 of age. When it comes to ration you will find 1 out of 14 men between the ages of 60-69 affected by the prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer symptoms

According to study there are some non-aggressive forms of prostate cancer, that’s the reasons some people having prostate cancer have no such symptoms. Nevertheless, advanced prostate cancer repeatedly causes symptoms.

If you are noticing any of the following symptoms then never hesitate to go for an appointment with your doctor. Some symptoms of prostate can be triggered by other special conditions, so overall you have to go for a complete test to recognize prostate cancer. A complete examination can make sure you obtain the accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms of prostate cancer can include urinary problems, sexual problems, and pain and numbness.

Urinary problems

Urinary difficulties are normal symptom because the prostate is situated below the bladder, and it surrounds the urethra. Because of its placement, if a tumor raises on the prostate, it could press on the bladder or urethra and cause several difficulties.

Urinary problems can include:

  • frequent need to urinate
  • a stream that’s slower than normal
  • bleeding during urinating

Sexual problems

Prostate cancer can cause erectile dysfunction which is also called as impotence, this is a special condition which makes men to unable to get an erection during sex. Blood in semen after ejaculation can be another major symptom of prostate cancer.

Pain and numbness

Metastatic cancer is known as a typical kind of cancer that has blowout to other areas of the human body from where it first started. When prostate cancer metastasizes, it frequently spreads to the bones. This can cause serious pain in the following human body parts:

  • pelvic
  • back
  • chest

Prostate cancer stages  

When it comes to the prostate cancer stages it will decided by your doctor by observing the results from your PSA test and your Gleason score. The stage of your prostate cancer usually indicates that how advanced your cancer is in the current stage. This information is crucial because according to the cancer stage the doctor will plan your treatment.

American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system is another great tool which can easily recognize the current stage of prostate cancer like many other kinds of cancer, the prostate Cancer staged with the help of the system grounded on

  • The size or extent of the tumor
  • The number of lymph nodes involved
  • Whether or not cancer has spread to other sites or organs

Prostate cancer stages range from 1 to 4. The disease is in the most critical condition at stage 4.

The prostate cancer survival rate

Many people ask the survival rate of prostate cancer, the answer is its unpredictable because early diagnosed protest can be successfully treated if the tumor has not spread from the original tumor. If you have any doubt regarding some symptoms you have noticed of prostate cancer, you should immediately take an appointment with your doctor.

Consult your doctor

As we already talked about Prostate cancer risk is higher in older persons, but remember if the issue is identified early stage, then it can easily treat with better results. So, when you get older, make sure to consult with your doctor and ask for the risk you have regarding prostate cancer.

If you feel like there are any symptoms that can be prostate cancer, then immediately consult your doctor and even though you have no symptoms it’s better to take advice from a doctor to avoid prostate cancer.

Research says a diet rich in vegetables and fish and low in full-fat dairy and red meat, balanced with an exercise strategy permitted by your heal care specialist, could benefit you a lot regarding lessening your risk of prostate cancer, as well as improvement in your overall health condition.

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